Pearl Chiu, PhD
Assistant Professor, VTC Research Institute
Assistant Professor of Psychology, College of Science at Virginia Tech
Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, VTC School of Medicine
Research Program Summary
How is it that a depressed individual may value nothing at all, whereas an addict might value drug consumption at the expense of all else? What quantitative neurobehavioral measures of motivation, social function, and emotion may be useful for clinical assessment? What makes some people especially vulnerable to peer pressure?
To address these and related questions, the lab examines the neurobiology of human motivation and social decision-making. Our work focuses on how such processes may be perturbed and rehabilitated in psychiatric populations.
Ongoing projects use multiple converging methods (e.g., behavior, self-report, clinical interviews, computational models, fMRI) to: 1) identify neural circuitry involved in healthy decision-making; 2) specify how these pathways go awry in clinical populations marked by deficits in valuation and motivation (e.g., major depression, addiction, PTSD, autism); and 3) develop biologically-informed interventions to remediate these functional deficits.
Education and Training
- Baylor College of Medicine: Postdoctoral fellowship
- Harvard University: Ph.D., Psychology (Clinical Psychology, Experimental Psychopathology)
- Baylor College of Medicine
Assistant Professor, Neuroscience and Psychiatry
- Chiu, PH, Lohrenz, TM, Montague, PR. (2009). Smokers' brains compute but ignore a fictive error signal in a sequential investment task. Nature Neuroscience, 11:514-520.
- Lindsey, L, King-Casas, B, Brovko, J, Chiu, PH. (2009). Toward functional neurobehavioral assessment of mood and anxiety. Conf Proc IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology:5393-5396.
- Chiu, PH, Kayali, MA, Kishida, KT, Tomlin, D, Klinger, LG, Klinger, M, Montague, PR. (2008). Self responses along cingulate cortex reveal quantitative neural phenotype for high functioning autism. Neuron, 57:463-473.
- Chiu, PH, Holmes, AJ, Pizzagalli, DA. (2008). Dissociable recruitment of rostral anterior cingulate and inferior frontal cortex in emotional response inhibition. NeuroImage, 42:988-997.
- Chiu, PH & Deldin, PJ. (2007). Neural evidence for enhanced error detection in major depressive disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 164:608-616.