Cells become infected by viruses and bacteria, and sometimes even the cells turn self-destructive. Scientists at the institute are studying the mechanisms of infection, immunity, and cancer in order to better understand how to protect human health. Scientists work to identify molecular and genetic changes and to find the best therapeutic targets for infectious viruses. They also study the ability of the immune system to fight disease in efforts to improve the body’s response to pathogens. The researchers work across disciplines, sharing innovative ideas and inventions to better understand their own subject areas.