Small rewards might lead to big results in alcohol abstinence
Mikhail Koffarnus, a research assistant professor at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute, recently received a National Institutes of Health grant for nearly half a million dollars to devise a new approach to substance abuse treatment.
Seeing trees for the forest: Scientists find new aspects to visual system development
It’s not the destination that matters; it’s the journey – except when it comes to the brain. Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute scientists have found that the cells reaching from the eye to the brain form their branched endings differently, depending on where in the brain their endings terminate. The result is a single cell body with several terminals that look different.
Scientists, including students, find new aspects to visual system development
A recently published Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute study came with a twist not often found in scientific papers. One of the first authors, who just completed her freshman year at Virginia Tech, was a high school student when she started working on the project, while most of the other authors are undergraduate, graduate, or medical students.
Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute scientists make surprising discovery about a common virus
Viruses are resilient. They mutate and adapt to survive, fueling the fear of uncontrollable epidemics. Scientists recently found, however, that with rotavirus, evolution may be slower than previously thought. Globally, rotavirus is responsible for nearly half a million deaths in children each year. Sarah McDonald, an assistant professor at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute, led the study, recently published in the Journal of Virology, which found that the rotavirus genome does not change as often as expected.
High-earning investors have neural signals that successfully predict stock market bubbles and crashes
If you’re so smart, why aren’t you rich? It may be that, when it comes to stock market success, your brain is heeding the wrong neural signals. Scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute and Caltech found that, when they simulated market conditions for groups of investors, economic bubbles invariably formed. Even more remarkably, the researchers discovered a correlation between specific brain activity patterns and sensitivity to those bubbles.
Scientists seek to develop new imaging capabilities to view a human virus in action
Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute scientists Deborah Kelly and Sarah McDonald are ambitious and determined, and it’s paying off. The two assistant professors recently received a National Institutes of Health grant for their collaborative work developing new imaging technologies that will allow them to see live rotavirus activity.
Deeper than ancestry.com, 'EvoCor' identifies gene relationships
Gregorio Valdez, an assistant professor at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute, and his team designed a search engine – called EvoCor – that identifies genes that are functionally linked. The name, a portmanteau of “evolution” and “correlation,” points to the idea that genes with a similar evolutionary history and expression pattern have evolved together to control a specific biological process.
Risky business: Scientists seek to identify predictors of risky behaviors among teenagers
What makes the adolescent brain so susceptible to taking risks? Virginia Tech scientists are recruiting as many as 150 teenagers to help them find out.
Addicts who live in the moment may get most benefit from certain kinds of treatment
An analysis across addictions and across treatments suggests that a simple cognitive test may be able to predict a treatment’s success for individuals struggling with addiction, according to a study led by an addiction expert at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute.
Growth factors could be key to warding off symptoms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and aging
An early-career researcher at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute has won his first major independent grant from the National Institutes of Health. And if his research pans out, the result could be a therapeutic technique to slow – or even stop – the onset of the most debilitating symptoms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, better known as ALS.
From the Executive Director
Since opening its doors in September 2010, the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute has drawn 21 world-class research teams to Roanoke, Virginia. These teams are led by scientists who transcend conventional disciplinary boundaries as they seek innovation and discovery in the service of health.
- Deborah Kelly receives young investigator award from the Concern Foundation
- Read Montague discusses the biological determinants of political leanings
- Warren Bickel and Pearl Chiu join in on the conversation about addiction
- Steven Poelzing selected for National Institutes of Health grant reviewing board
- WSLS (Aug 25): Ice Bucket Challenges benefit Roanoke ALS research
- WDBJ (Aug 20): Roanoke researchers at VTCRI do ice bucket challenge
- WDBJ (Aug 20): ALS researchers at Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute take ice bucket challenge